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After 20 years of development, the application of information technology, machinery industry has made some progress , the level of information in the country in the forefront of the industry . But overall , the machinery industry is still a lack of information systems and services tightly integrated .
Machinery industry is the pillar industry of China's national economy , the machinery industry of information technology can promote machinery manufacturing enterprises to improve their market reaction speed , improve production flexibility and cost control , to enable enterprises to calmly deal with the fierce competitive environment , improve competitiveness. Therefore, the construction machinery industry, information technology and business attracted national attention.
Information systems need to tightly integrate with business
Compared with other Chinese industries , the machinery industry is the first application of information technology in the industry. Mid- 1970s , China has independently developed the first domestic CAD ( computer aided design ) systems --- combined machine multi- axle CAD, 20 in the early 1980s , our country carried out MRPII ( Manufacturing Resource Planning ), CAD technology application . "Plan" period , the completion of the key products CAD, industrial automatic control system development 6 to the use of information technology-based national scientific and technological projects , inputs applied, bring direct economic benefits 3.0 billion, China's machinery industry information has thus kicked off.
Machinery industry from the degree of development of enterprise information view, can be divided into the following four levels:
First, the product level . Mechanical products into information technology and computer technology to improve the quality of the product itself , functional level , technical content and added value , including product design and manufacturing technology, such as CAD, CAM ( computer aided manufacturing ), CAPP ( Computer Aided process design ) technology.
Second, the process level . Product manufacturing process through the implementation of the automatic control technology, production automation, including the use of CNC equipment, CNC machining lines to achieve production .
Third, the management level . Use of computer systems to achieve internal management of systematic and integrated management of corporate information , such as the implementation of the enterprise resource planning system (ERP), supply chain management system (SCM).
Fourth, the market level . Enterprises through the Internet for e-commerce, you can reduce intermediate links, reduce cost of sales, improve market competitiveness , such as the implementation of customer relationship management system (CRM), e-commerce and so on.
After 20 years of development, the application of information technology, machinery industry has made some progress, the level of information in the national forefront of the industry . Small system of stand-alone applications and applications have been ubiquitous , two-dimensional CAD penetration machinery industry ranked first in the industry . Carried out in the solid basis of CAD technology , companies began to march to the ERP , ERP software / system penetration rate also ranks first in the industry , machinery industry, CAPP, CAM, PDM ( Product Data Management ) of the Software / System Application penetration also the highest , a few large machinery enterprise information technology degree is nearing the level of large international companies . But overall , the machinery industry is still a lack of information systems and services tightly integrated .
Information technology needs to be further deepened
Shandong Machinery construction industry information following problems :
First , CAD and other basic technology applications in general , but the application needs to be improved depth . Most companies implement a CAD application , but only limited plot CAD applications , namely in the " rejection drawing board " stage, three-dimensional product models based on CAD / CAM technology , CAD / CAPP / CAM integration technology in its infancy. Few companies CAPP application is effective, but for most businesses, only played a " rejection of the pen " role. CIMS ( Computer / Contemporary Integrated Manufacturing System ) application in a few companies achieve results , improve the production process automation and rapid response capability, but the input-output ratio is not ideal , did not play its due role .
Second, the management of information technology although some progress , but the application needs to be strengthened . Many enterprises in the financial , office , personnel , inventory management and other individual has been widely used in computer-aided management , but no information technology and management technology and other advanced manufacturing technology, information technology applications emphasis on technology and design , but have neglected the management .
Third, enterprise information integration is low, the efficiency of information systems needs to be improved . As enterprises lack the development of information systems for planning and overall design , different systems or modules are supplied by different vendors , construction and implementation , resulting in the majority of enterprise applications in the " islands of information " state. Individual applications and departmental applications are mostly small enterprise integration applications , successful implementation of MRP Ⅱ / ERP enterprise small number of internal and external information from achieving integration there is a considerable distance.
Fourth, the enterprise information obtained certain benefits , but the effect is not ideal. CNC equipment , industrial robots , laser processing machines, rapid prototyping technology and equipment , automation systems, and has some high-end machinery and other intelligent contain higher levels of information technology products , has begun to enter the market, but the number of high-tech products and variety still less . Although the enterprise production management and process control automation has increased, but did not play its due role.
Fifth, the development of information technology among enterprises imbalance . Enterprise information technology is a long process that requires a lot of manpower and financial investment . Large enterprises capitalized, early start , put a lot of money to engage in enterprise information technology , information technology at the forefront . The SME investment capacity is limited, it is difficult aspects of information technology in the enterprise a difference, only stay in CAD / CAM development stage , not to mention the implementation of management information systems .
Lead the development of four major trends
Shandong Machinery industry development trend of information technology for the following aspects:
First, the basic application software trends. OA office automation system with a clear directivity, the industry is the main function of information flow and delivery, easy to form competent authorities and manufacturing enterprises and between different departments within the enterprise , information exchange between agencies . As office automation in the primary stage mainly for management or administration services, so its application penetration of attention and investment are at a high level.
Machinery enterprise information base is usually started from the financial software . Financial management system of information technology , there are two trends: one is for the financial management of SMEs , this part of the customer demands on the system focused on " small and friendly " aspect , but more emphasis on product prices ; another is a centralized management and planning management of system functions require a higher level of business advisory services involved .
Machinery industry CAD / CAPP / CAM in the entire industry at a high level . These software applications to improve the machinery manufacturing enterprises with innovation and development can not be underestimated . Currently in medium-sized machinery companies, the proportion of two-dimensional CAD applications have near-universal , but also can meet the basic two-dimensional CAD applications . So the trend is turning from a two-dimensional CAD three-dimensional CAD, to achieve a breakthrough in product design and innovation.
Second , information security, services , development tools, trends. Machinery industry information security system is still in a simple application stage , most companies do not have independent information security systems, and even stand-alone version of the product is very common . With the popularity of enterprise network applications , the demand for information security is no longer simply to stay in the investigation on the basis of anti-virus software , the information system improvement will facilitate the growth of information security software .
Growth in services from the rapid increase in system applications and hardware products will increase the demand for maintenance services .
With the development of the machinery industry increased capacity within the enterprise and business applications of information technology in depth the increasing demand in the development tools of choice, from the original range of integrated development environment (IDE) with third-party component libraries toward the IDE , both trends in middleware development . With the popularity of the network , middleware software machinery industry is becoming a new economic growth point.
Third, the development trend of enterprise management systems . Machinery industry ERP penetration in practical applications and practical application there is still a gap. Smaller enterprises in the implementation of ERP has matured overall planning concept , using a more scientific and rigorous measures implemented step by step , and most companies only implementation of the ERP system a few modules. This application mode on the mechanical manufacturing industry, information technology formed the reverse influence, companies often in the implementation of some of the modules, and thus did not implement the part for generating new demand.
Machinery manufacturing industry supply chain management system for the application of the low level of use of part of the business logistics management system , integrated supply chain management system application ratio is very low . Business-to- one-sided understanding of supply chain management is a lower proportion of its application a cause for enterprise supply chain management 's attention is often focused on materials management , warehouse management and transportation management .
Customer relationship management system application rate is not high , the application of the system of the enterprise is only simply record customer base data , there is no full analysis of information and use of CRM needs will always be in a relatively depressed state .
Fourth, the development of automated systems of production trends .
Precision technology : Precision machining, ultra precision machining, micro-mechanical modern machinery manufacturing technology development. Ultra-precision processing technology has been the development of nanotechnology .
Automation: The successful application of automation technology can improve efficiency and ensure product quality. For large volume production automation, machine automation through modification, apply automatic machine tools, special combination machine , automatic production line is completed.
Flexibility: refers to a flexible manufacturing system to adapt to changing conditions of production capacity and system solutions which , personnel and equipment. The flexible system solution is the processing of different parts of the degrees of freedom ; personnel flexibility means the operator can guarantee the processing task , quantity and time requirements to complete adaptability ; equipment flexibility refers to the machine in the short term to adapt to new parts of the processing capability.
Intelligence: Intelligent Manufacturing Technology (IMT) is artificial intelligence into all aspects of the manufacturing process by simulating human intelligence activities of experts to replace or extend the mental part of the manufacturing system in the manufacturing process, the system can automatically monitor the operating status in outside interference or internal incentives can automatically adjust its parameters to achieve the best condition and with automatic organizational skills .
Breakthroughs in key technologies is the key
Machinery industry information is the information technology , automation technology, modern management techniques and manufacturing technology combined application , product design methods and tools to drive innovation , enterprise management model innovation, collaborative relationships between enterprises innovation, product design, manufacturing and business management information technology , production process control intelligent CNC manufacturing equipment and consulting services to the network, and thus to enhance the competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry .
Mechanical Industries focuses on breakthroughs in key technologies , and its key technologies is around the "five" objectives , to apply for traction, driven by an integrated application system development, system development driven by technological breakthroughs to the original promotion of technological innovation development , breakthroughs in key technologies , the formation of a number of hardware and software products with independent intellectual property rights .
Shandong Province, Shandong Peninsula manufacturing base can rely on the construction of an opportunity to Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai City, as the main body , and actively undertake Japan, Korea, Europe and other countries and regions of the capital, technology, brand and management of the transfer, in particular with large multinational cooperation to achieve a number of breakthroughs in key technologies . Specific demonstration projects with the needs of enterprise applications closely integrated , business-oriented , specialty industries and typical regional, sub -level, demonstration and application integration carried out in stages , " the continuous development in the application process , and gradually improve and perfect ."